Hot Topics in Pediatrics

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Exploring the newest pediatric specialties and hot topics

Research into pediatric diseases and conditions has revealed a number of prognostic factors, treatments, and risk factors. These include:

  • Elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were poor prognostic factors in hepatoblastoma patients before treatment, and NLR was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival.
  • Upfront surgical resection for pediatric PRETEXT III and IV hepatoblastoma is safe and feasible, and reduces the total number of courses and side effects of chemotherapy.
  • Type O blood, MCHC <313.5 pg/fL, and Ret ≥0.161×1012/L are risk indicators for early recurrence of primary w-AIHA in children.
  • Acute monoblastic/monocytic leukemia (AMoL) is a common subtype of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) in children.
  • Placental transfusion has been shown to improve organ perfusion and reduce the need for blood transfusion in neonates.
  • Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) were associated with an increased risk of adverse neonatal outcomes in singleton pregnancies.
  • Transient Pseudohypoaldosteronism is a rare condition that is often misdiagnosed due to its digestive tract symptoms.
  • Primary erythrocytic is a rare autosomal dominant single gene disease characterized by skin ulceration, redness, elevated temperature, and severe burning pain primarily in both lower extremities.
  • MAS is a life-threatening condition associated with sJIA.
  • Kawasaki Disease (KD) is an autoimmune disease of unknown etiology.
  • This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors of anemia and bone marrow suppression in children with retinoblastoma after intra-arterial chemotherapy.
  • Acute empyema caused by Haemophilus influenzae can be treated with closed pleural drainage combined with intrapleural injection of urokin
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